The Warren Youth Project in Hull are creating an advent calendar with a difference this year.
Twenty four of the windows at their building on Queen’s Dock Avenue in Hull will be decorated to celebrate ‘great causes and great people’. Each day will see a new image created by young people and staff at the Warren Centre.
The first ‘Alternative Advent Window’ was displayed on Saturday 1st December and celebrated World Aids Day.
Lee Andrews, who works as a learning advisor at The Warren, said;
It’s one of our workers who is doing the illustrations but groups of young people have come up with the ideas. It is a collective project.
There isn’t a particular theme but we have gone with things that affect young people. Different issues and themes that mean something to them.
The windows so far have shown; the NHS at 70 and it’s founder Nye Bevan. the International Day of People with Disabilities, Hull’s The New Adelphi Club and Paul ‘Jacko’ Jackson , the Headscarf Revolutionaries and the Importance of Consent.
Community groups in Hornsea have come together for ‘Operation Poppy’ to celebrate the Centenary of the end of World War 1.
A visual creative trail of poppies, starting from St. Nicholas Church, has been set up along Newbegin, the main street of Hornsea, and leads to the Memorial Gardens.
WW1 memorial plaque
Hornsea School and Language College and the community group Hornsea Urban Gardeners launched appeals in September to the local people, asking for volunteers to create a range of poppy installations.
The appeal sparked a huge response from various organisations and individuals.
Staff and pupils from HSLC have put in a lot of time and effort into the project.
Ladies from the Womens Institute and the St.Nicholas Church Craft Group have been knitting, crocheting and crafting poppies for the display.
June Greensmith, founder of Hornsea Urban Gardeners, has been making poppies from two litre plastic bottles. An initiative that also encourages support for the Plastic Free Hornsea campaign.
June said, “It’s the first time HUG has got involved with this, so I hope we can get it right. Our local schools are brilliant as is the Royal British Legion.”
Another idea has been developed by Careen Rudzinski and Mary Myall, who have created memorial crosses from pegs.
With permission from Hornsea Town Council 100 peg crosses will be placed in the memorial gardens on the eve of 10 November.
June said, “The crosses are lovely as are the poppies and clearly say “Hornsea Remembers”
She added, “The best part is knowing that each poppy has been made with love.”
Businesses in Hornsea have also participated by decorating their shop windows.
The Rememberance Service will be held at St Nicholas church at 9.30 am. After the service the parade will form outside the church and proceed up the town to the Memorial Gardens where the Wreath Laying Ceremony will take place at 11 am.
The magazine industry produces periodicals and magazines in both print and digital format. The consumer market for magazines is vast, ranging from individuals to professionals and tradespeople. According to Ibis World’s UK Market Research Report of May 2018 the UK magazine industry is currently worth approximately £4 billion. It employs 32, 677 people in over 2,500 businesses.
The Professional Publishers Association represents the interests of magazine publishers in the UK. Their membership consists of almost 400 publishers who provide more than 2,260 consumer, business and professional magazines. This represents 80 per cent of the UK magazine market in turnover. However, there are over 8,000 titles published in the UK which cover many different genres and types.
Magazines can be categorised into the following sectors:
Consumer– these can be general titles for entertainment or information such as Take a Break or Glamour. They can also be specialist or specific interest for example Coarse Fishing or Gardener’s World. 90% are sold in newsagents and supermarkets. The four main consumer magazine publishers (by newsagent sales revenue) are Bauer, IPC (Time Warner), Burda and National Magazines. There are about 2,800 consumer magazines in the UK.
Consumer magazines comprise approximately 85% of the industry. The remaining 15% of the market consist of:
Business / trade / professional / B2B – over 5,000 titles in the UK
Customer magazines – produced by publishing agencies as a form of marketing. Many large supermarkets such as Tesco and Asda provide free customer magazines. These cover a much larger circulation than the top selling consumer magazines as they are so widely circulated. Sky the Magazine had a circulation of 7 million copies monthly.
Newspaper supplements – free with daily or Sunday newspapers. Produced by most of the national newspapers in the UK.
Part works – specific number of issues on a particular subject to form a collection.
Academic journals – subject matter is controlled by academic boards.
The two main sources of revenue for magazines are print sales and advertising. Over the past decade print sales have declined due to significant online competition. There has also been a decline in print readership and external factors such as real household disposable income effect magazine sales.
The Internet has changed the landscape of traditional magazine publishing. Nowadays readers expect information 24-7 which paperless, digital news delivers. Many well-known magazines such as Newsweek and Instyle have ceased to produce their print editions.
Certain areas of the declining magazine industry, such as men’s magazines, reflect the way young people are now consuming magazines digitally. This has also been seen in music magazines as information is so freely available on the net. (Spin magazine went digital in December 2012.) TV magazine sales have fallen due to the availability of tv guides on our televisions or free supplements with newspapers. Paid for UK magazines audited by ABC lost sales at an average rate of 5.9 per cent year on year in 2017. Condé Nast saw their biggest circulation falls in 2016 reporting its titles down 8.9% year on year.
Women’s lifestyle magazines have taken a big hit with Healthy, Look and Women’s Fitness sales dropping by at least a fifth. Sales of Marie Claire, Grazia and Health & Fitness magazines all fell by at least 10 per cent.
Kevin Petley, Business Director of Hello magazine says, “Magazines are under threat, the days of the massive sellers are gone, and if we ignore this fact, we do so at our own peril. There has never been a more relevant time for magazines to demonstrate their value and relevance as a whole, to both consumers and advertisers.”
The following table shows the Top 10 Magazines by sales in the UK and Ireland according to the latest ABC statistics as of August 2018. It illustrates falling sales figures.
Nevertheless, in certain areas such as independent, specialist or ‘niche’ markets the magazine publishing industry is flourishing. Another growing sector is children’s magazines; pre-teen titles have increased their combined circulation by 12.4 per cent. Whilst sales of Private Eye reached 105,077 in 2016, an increase of 16.6%, indicating that current affairs remain one of the strongest magazine sectors.
The magazine industry continues to change and diversify. Whilst print sales decline, digital editions form a significant part of magazine sales. In order to compete in a transient market magazine publishers need to adapt their business models accordingly.
For my second year I completed the requisite two weeks of work experience with The Scarborough News and Beverley FM. I have been fortunate to have the opportunity to work within the newspaper print industry and also in radio broadcasting.
During my time at The Scarborough News I was able to gain experience in working in a busy newsroom along with five of their main reporters. I worked on various features and events in the Scarborough area and had work published both in the newspaper and on their website.
On two occasions I went out with their photographer, Richard Ponter, who is now the sole photographer for all of the 5 newspapers published at The Scarborough News as well as for the Yorkshire Post. I felt privileged to spend time with him because he is a true professional and I learnt a lot from him. Most particularly the way he connects with people, quickly judges a situation, creates an image in his mind and then captures photos that bring a story to life. I found it refreshing to work with a photographer in an age where everyone clicks happily on their phones without even thinking about composition or the basic rules of photography.
I also went out on another project with the senior reporter, Poppy Kennedy. We interviewed several people involved in a housing project in Scarborough which is a huge construction, with shops, schools, care homes. The whole infrastructure which covers 400 acres of land is virtually a new town. This gave me an insight into how varied the role of a reporter can be. I enjoyed being given the opportunity to meet people in a very different setting.
Working at Beverley FM has given me the possibility of working in radio which is something that I had never previously considered. I did some work for them covering the Tour de Yorkshire, broadcasting live from Hornsea. I also did several interviews and recorded these for use on the radio.
I will be working at the radio over the summer on news stories for Beverley and the surrounding areas. I have sat in on various presenters to gain a feel of how it works and have been given the opportunity to present shows in the future. What is particularly exciting for me is that they are hoping to extend their coverage to the Hornsea area. They would like me to be involved in this project and want me to gather news stories from Hornsea and create local interest. They have also asked if I would be able to update their website which could be part of my project work for next year.
To summarise, I have found the work experience extremely rewarding and enjoyable. I have made new contacts, worked on the skills that I have learnt and also learnt new ones.
As part of our work on documentary we were asked to reflect on fictional, documentary and journalistic approaches to non- fiction. I looked at two different perspectives on the subject of transgenderism. They are both based on the same topic but each one illustrates a different documentary style.
I first looked at a Louis Theroux documentary because I like his work. He presents things as they are without needing to embellish the facts. He also remains impartial and allows the viewer to make up their own minds. For me, many of his documentaries, whilst often controversial, have a feeling of timelessness. If you look at some of his older documentaries they are still relevant today.
Louis Theroux: Transgender Kids provides an insightful and thought-provoking look into gender dysphoria. It was written and presented by Louis Theroux and, like most of his documentaries, was researched and documented over a period of time. The film was released in the UK in 2015 and caused some controversy, particularly among the transgender community who didn’t like the focus on such young children. However, I think this adds to the appeal. It makes the viewer feel uncomfortable at times but this is what provokes thought and question.
Louis Theroux travels to San Francisco where a group of pioneering medical professionals help children who say they were born in the wrong body transition from boy to girl or girl to boy at ever younger ages. He follows three families with children of different ages and in each case the filming takes place in their home surroundings. This is one of the reasons that the documentary remains true to life and, although the subject is something we may know little about, it gives credibility to the facts being presented. You can see that the interviewees are more relaxed and that they are at ease with Louis, and confident enough to let him into their homes.
The documentary opens with a scene that both surprises and intrigues the viewer. With Louis’ question: ” Do you think you are happier as Camille or Sebastian?”
Louis goes on to talk with Camille and her parents who respond, honestly and openly. In the space of a month, five-year old Sebastian changed his name to Camille and wanted to be seen as a girl.
Through a journalistic approach the documentary presents the unspoken truth about a section of society largely ignored and misunderstood. The question raised is what decision parents should make when choosing whether or not their child is too young to know if they want to be a boy or a girl.
In this film Louis Theroux shows his skill in creating a great rapport with the people he interviews and getting information from them that they thought would never be shared. He maintains fluid conversation, somehow always keeping the situation natural.
What I particularly like about this documentary is Louis Theroux’s unique angle on a highly controversial topic. He manages to present the facts in an impartial but sensitive way through his empathy with the people he interviews.
Louis Theroux remains calm throughout the documentary, he never raise his voice or interrupts. The tone of his voice is always on the same pitch and he questions without being probing or judgemental. He rarely shows much emotion but you can see that he empathises with his subjects. He also becomes part of the story as it unfolds, sharing intimate thoughts and feelings of all involved as well as in their daily activities. He observes, presents the facts but also participates in the documentary.
It is extremely touching when he shares his own thoughts: ‘When I was 14 and turning 15, that was probably the hardest year of my life, it really was’. It was clear he was touched by the challenges these young individuals were facing.
It is a long documentary but there is plenty to keep the viewer interested, moving at a steady pace and changing location from homes, to clinics, hospitals and stunning views of San Francisco.
There are a few scenes that may shock the viewer but they add authenticity and are presented in a way that makes these things almost normal. As they are for those involved.
the use of a forearm to create a phallus for a transitioning female to male
A boy of 14 has a puberty blocker implant to prevent his breasts from growing
The documentary continues with Louis visiting the families four months later. Filming over time shows change but also continuity. It is important to show the progress of these young people, the viewer has been given an insight into their lives and wants to know more..will there be a happy ending?
The documentary ends with Louis’ concluding, thought-provoking statement:
“The choice to transition involves the possibility of social rejection and a lifetime commitment to medication, but it is also a chance to exercise the most fundamental right we have – the right to be ourselves. In the end, the hardest part of the challenge may be knowing who it is we really are.”
In contrast to this I looked at a short documentary called ‘The Swimming Club’ by Cecilia Golding and Nick Finegan.
“The Swimming Club”, follows participants at Tags (‘Trans and Gender non-conforming Swimmers’ Group) in London. This documentary looks at transgenderism from a completely different angle. It is not about the physical process of transition but the cruelty and indifference of the spaces around them.
As one transgender male explains: “When I speak of my transition, I increasingly find it less interesting to talk about how I have changed but how the world around me did. Places that once felt comfortable – the bus stop, the gym, the beach – suddenly became places of fear. Where I had once been pleasantly invisible, I was now on show and up for discussion.”
All of the filming takes place in the same location both inside and out of the water. There are many close up shots which make you feel like you want to be there yourself. To dive under the water and feel the freedom it allows.
The documentary is extremely visual and with the blue colours of the water and surrounding pool area the viewer is lulled into the calming nature of this environment. The soothing music helps to enhance the atmosphere. The narration provides the story but the visuals create the true feeling and emotion of this documentary.
The voice over is narrated by various members of the club who say a little about themselves without going in to great detail. I feel that this gives us a really special and personal insight into how difficult it must be living in a world where you feel unaccepted.
I love the analogy of the safeness of the water: ” We all come from the womb, the first 9 months of our lives we’re encased in water.”
One of the swimmers in the club explains how the scrutiny of trans people’s bodies and their meaning quickly transforms into the language of oppression: “They say that we’re unnatural, that we’re perverted, that we’re not genuine people.”
The swimming club provides a place where transgender people can feel safe. A place where trans people – who are rarely allowed to enjoy their bodies – do so together. The ‘together’ is important, the sharing with others at the swimming club. Shame works by isolation and in this film we see Tags combatting it with the freedom, fun and laughter of community.
This is a short but powerful documentary. It is bitter-sweet because we see the joy and happiness in this place, yet we are reminded of the cruelty of others and the world in which we live. So often people who are ‘different’ are seen as a threat but this film puts everyone on to the same level. It is heart-warming, uplifting and endearing.